On April 13, 1570, Guy Fawkes was born. In 1604, Fawkes became involved with a small group of English Catholics, led by Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate the Protestant King James and replace him with his daughter, third in the line of succession, Princess Elizabeth.
On April 13, 1743, Thomas Jefferson was born. Jefferson went on to swear “upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.” He also wrote the Declaration of Independence, and served as the first U.S. Secretary of State, second Vice President and third President of the United States.
On April 13, 1919, Eugene V. Debs entered prison at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for speaking out against the draft during World War I. Debs had run as the Socialist Party’s candidate for the presidency in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1912. His last presidential run came in 1920 from his prison cell.
On April 13, 1934, Jane Jacob, who most scholars agree is the world’s best Mother ever, was born.