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Gandhi killed, MLK’s home bombed, Ulster’s “Bloody Sunday”

On Jan. 30, 1948, Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi, known for his non-violent, non-cooperation struggle for freedom and national independence, was assassinated by a Hindu extremist. On Jan. 30, 1956, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home was bombed in retaliation for his work on the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On Jan. 30, 1972,

KS enters Union as free state, Dr. Strangelove opens

On Jan. 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state and as “free state.” The struggle between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas was a preview to the bloodshed of the Civil War. In 1854, Kansas was organized as a territory with popular sovereignty to decide the issue

Reagan lifts domestic oil controls

On Jan. 28, 1981, President Ronald Reagan lifted the federal government’s remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States, helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.

Draft ends

On Jan. 27, 1973, President Richard Nixon’s Secretary of Defense, Melvin R. Laird, announced an end to the military draft in favor of a system of voluntary enlistment. Since 1973, the United States armed forces have been known as the All-Volunteer Force. However, the Selective Service System, the federal agency

Soviets liberate Auschwitz

On Jan. 26, 1945, Soviets troops entered the network of Nazi concentration camps in Auschwitz, Poland, freeing the survivors and revealing to the world the horrors perpetrated there. Auschwitz was a group of three major camps and 40 smaller “satellite” camps. At Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, established in October 1941,

Battle of the Bulge ends

On Jan. 25, 1945, the Battle of the Bulge, a major German offensive launched toward the end of World War II through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium, and France and Luxembourg on the Western Front, came to an end. Allied reinforcements, including General Patton’s Third

Apple Macintosh debuts, Chruchill dies

On Jan. 24, 1984, the first Apple Macintosh computer went on sale. Earlier this month, Apple, Inc.’s value on the stock exchange rose to $400 billion – more than the value of the entire national economy of Greece. On Jan. 24, 1965, Winston Churchill died in London at the age

Hancock born, WWII victories, 24th Amendment ratified

On Jan. 23, 1737, John Hancock, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, president of the Second Continental Congress, the first and third Governor of Massachusetts and, most importantly, a major financier of the revolutionary cause, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts. On Jan. 23, 1943, Montgomery’s 8th Army captured Tripoli,

Anzio, Sakharov arrested

On Jan. 22, 1944, Operation Shingle, an Allied amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy, began. The resultant combat during this part of World War II’s Italian Campaign became known as the Battle of Anzio. On Jan. 22, 1980, Andrei Sakharov, the Soviet physicist

Gene Sharp born, Orwell dies

On Jan. 21, 1928, Gene Sharp, one of the world’s leading experts on non-violent change, was born. Sharp’s extensive writings, including his 1973 book “The Politics of Nonviolent Action,” have influenced anti-government resistance movements around the world. During the Korean War, he was jailed for nine months after protesting the

First parliment, Marshall to Sup Ct, Roller Coaster

On Jan. 20, 1265, the first English parliament conducted its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster. On Jan. 20, 1801, John Marshall was appointed by President John Adams to be the Chief Justice of the United States, serving in the position longer than anyone

John Wilkes was expelled from Parliament

On Jan. 19, 1764, John Wilkes was expelled from Britain’s Parliament for his allegedly libelous, seditious and pornographic writings. Over the next 12 years, in both Britain and the American colonies, Wilkes’ name became synonymous with Parliamentary oppression. Wilkes fled to France to avoid arrest, but returned to Britain in

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