On April 26, 1710, English philosopher of “common sense” Thomas Reid was born. A highly influential figure in the Scottish Enlightenment, and well-known critic of Hume before Kant, his major works were An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense, Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, and Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind. Reid died in 1796.
The Scottish “common sense” approach (shared by Adam Ferguson and Dugald Stewart) continued, in varying forms, into the 19th and 20th centuries in the works of William Hamilton, Herbert Spencer, C.S. Peirce, G.E. Moore and George Santayana.