On Jan. 23, 1737, John Hancock, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, president of the Second Continental Congress, the first and third Governor of Massachusetts and, most importantly, a major financier of the revolutionary cause, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts.
On Jan. 23, 1943, Montgomery’s 8th Army captured Tripoli, Libya, from the German-Italian Panzer Army. On the same day, Australian and American forces defeated the Japanese army in Papua. This turning point in the Pacific War marked the beginning of the end of Japanese aggression.
On Jan. 23, 1964, the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in federal elections, was ratified. At the time of passage, five states still imposed a poll tax: Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia. The amendment made the poll tax unconstitutional at the federal level, however, not until the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections in 1966, were poll taxes for state elections officially declared unconstitutional.